You may have noticed that posting for the past two days has been delayed or non-existent. That’s because my Comcast Internet service has gone out for two evenings in a row. It goes out around 9pm, and doesn’t come back until 1:30am (note, the last might be +/- 5 minutes, because my monitoring system pings the cloud every 5 minutes and then it takes the cloud side of my monitoring system a minute or two to process the ping and close the trouble ticket).

Hopefully Comcast has figured out what’s going wrong (each time I went to their site via my cell phone and each time it said there was an area-wide outage in my area) and it won’t happen again. We’ll see…

– Badtux the Internetless Penguin

So, email. It was invented in 1965 with the first time-sharing systems at MIT. Students at MIT wrote a program called “MAIL” that allowed sending email to each other, as documented by one of the early developers who worked on the MIT systems. By 1970 email programs had gotten a bit more sophisticated, with the development of the modern inbox as part of the Multics project. In 1971, the first version of Unix, created by people who’d worked on Multics who were pining for some of the features of Multics, included a program called ‘mail’ to allow sending email to other users on Unix systems. Then in 1971 Ray Tomlinson, a developer of the ARPANET (a predecessor of the Internet) at BBN (a government contractor), sent the first email across the ARPANET between two computers. By 1972 he’d developed the syntax of using the “@” sign to separate the user name and the destination, so that the ARPANET email system didn’t need to know the user accounts on all systems on the ARPANET simultaneously and so that a user “badtux” at one site and a user “badtux” at another site wouldn’t be confused with each other. Initially the DEC 10 (Tenex) and Multics operating systems supported Internet mail. Obviously others followed.

By 1973 the situation of incompatible email systems on the ARPANET had reached the point where a meeting had to be called to standardize email on the ARPANET. The ARPANET community then tossed out a multitude of proposals which were discussed and hashed out over the course of the year, mostly via email (!). EMAIL accounted for 2/3rds of the traffic on the ARPANET that year. The first SPAM on the ARPANET apparently happened in 1975. By 1976 the Queen of England sent an email message on the ARPANET. In 1976. By 1978, the BSD Unix Mail program had been written with folders and the ability to easily move messages between them, and an email reader had been implemented in MacLisp inside Multics Emacs, thereby proving the adage that Emacs is not a text editor, Emacs is an operating system.

Also in 1978, a 14 year old kid in New Jersey by the name of Shiva Ayyadurai started writing an electronic version of the inter-office mail system for what later became Rutgers Medical School and finished writing it sometime in 1979. He called it EMAIL. Some time later, in 1982, he illegally copyrighted it. (Illegally because it was done as a work for hire for the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey which paid him as an employee to write the program, and thus the copyright, which was automatically granted upon the program first being distributed under the terms of the Copyright Act of 1976 which took effect on January 1, 1978, legally belonged to the medical school under the Work for Hire doctrine).

So. That’s a brief history of email up until 1979. In 1980, the limitations of using a bag on the side of the FTP protocol to pass email messages around the Internet reached the breaking point, and SMTP (Send Mail Transport Protocol) was invented and ARPANET’s email transitioned to that new protocol, which is still in use today as our standard Internet EMAIL protocol to transmit messages between email servers all over the world. And in 1983, the current IPv4 Internet protocol replaced the original IMP protocol and it is still in use today. None of which is controversial in any way… except Shiva Ayyadurai says he invented email, and he’ll sue anybody who says differently. Despite all that easily documented history that I mention above. Documented history including, for example, the original Unix manuals from 1971, or the source code for the original MIT email program from 1965 which can be downloaded from historical archives and viewed for yourself, or etc.

And no, those were not instant messaging programs. The BSD ‘mail’ program from 1978, for example, is the exact same program that is shipped with every Linux system in the world today. You likely haven’t seen the program if you date to the GUI era, but I used it back in my BSD days in the early 80’s before we had all this fancy GUI shit, and it implements all the functionality you’d expect of an email program — it has subject headers and From headers, it has folders, you can move messages between folders, etc. It was email. Period. And not invented by Shiva Ayyadurai.

So Shiva Ayyadurai says he’s tired of being called a liar and a fraud? Then he should quit lying and should quit fraudulently claiming to have invented email. And if he doesn’t want to read articles like this on the Internet? Then he should quit being the sort of fucking asswipe who sues news publications that publish the true history of email.

Note: Feel free to copy and paste. This is the kind of asshole who deserves all the negative publicity he has bought by suing a news source for, well, reporting the truth.

– Badtux the Annoyed Penguin

Opus and friends celebrate World Penguin Day!.


– Badtux the Happy Penguin

What’s with this phobia that men have about actually *aiming* when they’re standing at the urinal? I mean, they poke their firehose out of its housing, put their hands on their hips, and turn up the fire hydrant to full strength. And their fire hose does what fire hoses always do when turned on full blast without any hand grasping it and aiming it — it whips all over the place, spewing … liquid … all over the place.

And then they walk away without flushing OR washing their hands. No *wonder* men’s restrooms smell like pigsties and you need waders to get to the urinals…

– Badtux the Disgusted Penguin

So apparently according to Facebook, this stop motion art film from 1878, the first known movie recording ever made and thus of immense historical value, is pornography because some of the men and women were not wearing clothes when Eadweard Muybridge did the stop-motion photography to capture their motion. Note that there is no sex in the “film” — this was Victorian times, after all. Muybridge’s sole goal was to capture motion — of people, of horses, of machines — which was something that nobody had ever done before. He then mounted his photos in a circular carousel that spun them past an eyepiece so it looked like the subjects were moving. He thus invented motion pictures.

This YouTube video basically takes his plates and puts them together into frames of a movie the way he did with his carousel, except now they’re all stitched together. And Facebook thinks this collection of historical photographs that were designed to be stitched together into primitive looping movies is pornography. What a bunch of dimwits. Can’t tell the difference between a historical art film of immense historical value, and pornography. Yay, Facebook. You’re a bunch of morons.

– Badtux the Arts Penguin

A federal judge halts Trump’s executive order punishing sanctuary cities because it violates the 10th Amendment.

The hilarious part: Do you know where that Supreme Court ruling came from that says that the Federal government can’t force cities to do stuff they don’t want to do? Guess what: It was a right wing lawsuit that did this. Specifically, Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898 (1997). This lawsuit was filed by a couple of right-wing gun nut sheriffs who didn’t want to do the firearms background checks called for by the Brady Bill. The final decision held that, under the 10th Amendment, the Federal government could not force local sheriffs to perform firearms background checks on behalf of the Federal government. To quote the decision: “… the Federal Government may not compel the States to enact or administer a federal regulatory program”. And immigration is decidedly a federal regulatory program, as pointed out in the Supreme Court ruling on another right-wing lawsuit, Arizona v. United States 641 F. 3d 339 (2012), which held that immigration was a Federal responsibility and states could not enact their own laws regulating or restricting immigration.

So. Any Federal judge worth their salt looks at Printz, looks at Arizona, and rules on the merits that the Federal government cannot force states to enforce Federal immigration law. If Trump really wants to argue this, he’ll be going all the way to the Supreme Court, and it’s doubtful that he’d win — even the right-wing judges on the court aren’t going to overturn their very own decision made in 1997, a decision that, by and large, is good for right wingers.

But of course he probably knew all that when he scrawled out that executive order in crayon and tossed it over the transom, he’s just doing it for political reasons, so …

– Badtux the Law Penguin

So, finally, after months of pressure, prosecutors have charged Marc and Elizabeth Hokoana with assault with a deadly weapon for shooting an unarmed person on January 20. It took so long because they are right wing zealots who went out there to assault and shoot them some liberals, the person they shot, Josh Dukes, who was confronting Marc over him using pepper spray on a crowd of left-wing protestors, was himself a left winger, and everybody knows it’s not a crime if conservatives shoot leftists because leftists are so scary that opening fire is the only way to defend yourself from the possibility of learning that, well, Josh Dukes is probably too nice a guy for his own good. (And damn lucky to be alive, he’ll never be “right” again because that bullet did major, major damage to him).

Y’know, if you or I shot someone, we would be arrested on the spot and have charges against us of assault with a deadly weapon within hours. But we’re not right-wing agitators out to incite violence. That would give us immunity from prosecution, at least for the three months needed for public pressure to force the prosecutor to actually prosecute assault with a deadly weapon.

Yay, “justice”. For some definition of the word. Unlike Josh, I hope that these pair go to jail for a long, long time. Not because I want them punished for the sake of punishment, but, rather, to discourage other right-wingers from following their footsteps and themselves going into the business of shooting leftists. Because apparently they need the reminder…

– Badtux the Law Penguin